SciFiber: How to Design a Sheep

In this next installment of SciFiber we will be exploring some of the genetic factors affecting the fleece color of sheep. This past quarter I was enrolled in a Biology class focusing on genetics and evolution and learned about epigenetics for the first time. Being the diligent fiber nerd that I am, I just had to know how to apply this new found knowledge to deepen my understanding of the science behind why the fiber we love works the way it does. Don't think that I have forgotten about my promise for a post on the makeup of keratinous fibers; it's in my blog queue and you'll be hearing from me again very soon!

We have all known a black sheep, and perhaps some of us have even identified as one. Black sheep of the family go against the grain, they embody traits seen in no other members. The phrase has permeated culture as the way to describe the oddball of the gene pool, but have you ever thought about where it came from?

Well, yes, obviously. 

Well, yes, obviously. 

The literal black sheep of the herd is the singular black ovine in a sea of white (protip: just as cows are bovine and horses are equine, sheep are ovine). But why is the black sheep the odd man out? Why isn’t Axel here considered the white sheep of the family?

Knitters, this is where your intuition should be sparking. As Josh knows, you can’t overdye black. But you can dye white wool, and therefore white fleeces are far more desirable for dyers, knitters, and anyone who likes colorful clothing. So, in order to maximize profits, sheep farmers have been trying to reduce the number of black sheep in their flock for centuries. Every once in awhile a black sheep would pop out of a white/white pairing, but farmers are an intelligent breed, and were not surprised because they understood the role of heterozygotes in Mendelian inheritance (if that sounded like gibberish check out this primer, but don’t worry, you can save it for later, the rest of this post makes sense without it). But every few generations something different would come along.

The agouti sheep.

Also known as "badger face," sheep with agouti color patterns are rare and their fleece is desired by knitters, spinners and weavers who enjoy working with 100% natural, undyed wool. The richly colored fiber of agouti sheep has a natural variegation to it that spins up into drool-worthy handspun yarn. Angora rabbit breeders long ago recognized the beauty of agouti rabbits and began selecting for the trait during breeding. The result is a line of rabbits with incredibly beautiful, naturally variegated coats. This selection has taken hundreds of generations to stabilize, however, and you can bet your britches that an agouti sheep revolution won't happen overnight. In fact, the few breeders who have tried their hand at an agouti-based business have become frustrated by the inconsistency of the coloration of their sheep. From year to year and even from season to season sheep farmers have noticed drastic color changes in their agouti flock with seemingly little pattern1. If they were able to predict and control the color palatte of their flock we might see a boom of this beautiful wool. But what control can mere humans exert over ovine biological processes? The answer may lie in a developing subfield of genetics called epigenetics.

Before we unpack epigenetics

let's quickly go over the genetic factors affecting the coloration of sheep.

Genetics of Color in Sheep
Agouti-colored hair occurs in a wide range of mammals, most notably cats, mice, rabbits and, of course, sheep. Agouti hair is characterized by a banded structure of black and yellow pigments, and is a result of competition between two different signalling proteins at the Agouti Signalling Protein (ASIP) location in DNA. One of the signalling proteins creates pheomelanin, or yellow hair pigment, and the other creates eumelanin, or black hair pigment. Geneticists studying the ASIP location in both sheep and mice have found that the Agouti allele (or variation of the gene), is semi-recessive. That is, if you breed a white sheep and an agouti sheep you are most likely to produce a white offspring (agouti is recessive to white), but if you breed a black sheep and an agouti sheep you are most likely to get an agouti offspring (agouti is dominant to black).


Now, here’s where it gets interesting: researchers studying mice displaying agouti coloration have found that, through controlling the environment, they can affect whether mice display agouti or black coloration, and they've been able to hit just about every coloration in-between2. They have been able to exert this control using environmental factors that affect the epigenetics in these mice. Epigenetics describes a biological system of gene regulation where chemical reactions at the DNA level determine whether or not certain areas of the genetic code are turned "off" or "on." In the example below, all mice carry the agouti allele, however in the case of the black mouse it has been completely silenced (has been turned "off").

Just how have scientists been able to control the expression of agouti? One answer is through diet. Because the "offness" or "onness" of genes is related to the amount of methlyation at the gene location, increasing the amount of methyl in the diet of a pregnant mouse mom has shown to decrease the expression of the agouti allele in her offspring3,4. This means that, even in an agouti/agouti pairing, moms that eat diets rich in methyl can produce black babies. Even more interesting, there is some evidence that the amount of methylation, that is, the "onness" or the "offness" of the agouti gene, is heritable, meaning that it can be passed on to future generations of mice5.

So what does this mean for sheep?

Maybe it's photoshop, maybe it's epigenetics!

Maybe it's photoshop, maybe it's epigenetics!

Unfortunately, while geneticists have been studying the DNA of mice for decades, interest in the genetic code of sheep has only recently surfaced. There is very little information about epigenetic effects in sheep coloring, but only because research has just begun! In just a few short years researchers have not only successfully located the ASIP gene in merino sheep but have also determined the role of the agouti gene in fleece color expression6. The gene duplication mechanism seen at the ASIP location in sheep is similar to that in the genome of mice, indicating that sheep farmers might soon be able to exert epigenetic control over their flock's fleeces through maternal diet alteration.

So keep your ear to the ground because I predict that within my lifetime we will have understood the epigenetics of sheep thoroughly enough that we might start seeing custom, boutique sheep colorations appearing on the market.

SciFiber: Welcome to the World of Fiber Science!

Yes, it's been a while, my friends. And I miss y'all every. single. day. If you've commented on my Instagram, Ravelry, Facebook and asked if I was planning on making a new episode... THANK YOU. If you haven't done any of those things but still found yourself here to read this post, THANK YOU TOO. I've missed my Hops and Hanks family and it's good to know that y'all have been missing me too.

The reality of my life right now is that I simply do not have the time to sit down and record a podcast episode, much less take the time to edit and produce it to the quality I prefer. The good news is that this is because I have so much on my plate at the moment and I'm loving all of it. I realize now that I started Hops and Hanks in an effort to escape from a "real life" that I was completely unhappy with. I intend to either write or speak more on this topic in the future, but just know that the support you all gave me during the first year of Hops and Hanks saved me. From a lot of things. I love you all.

The problem: even if I can't record episodes regularly, I want to make sure that this little internet home of mine doesn't die.

The solution: I'm going to write more. I can write in fits and spurts, as opposed to sitting down for the large chunks of time necessary to record podcast episodes. I can't promise any regularity, but this also means that whenever I update it's because there is something in my brain that I just have to get out. So you know it's gonna be good. 

One of the many, many things I've been working on in the months and months since I last updated this website is a little side research project on the structure of fiber. I gave a presentation last night to the Windy City Knitting Guild and I wasn't able to fit nearly enough information into the one hour time limit. So I thought I would try writing about it here, to give myself a little more space to ramble. What follows is the first post of hopefully many exploring the word of fiber science!

The world of fiber is a diverse one. While knitters like myself are at least familiar with using protein-based fibers like wool and silk, plant fibers like cotton and some synthetic fibers like acrylic, for the most part our understanding of the materials we are using usually stops there. I began researching the fibers I use in my knitting in an effort to better understand why they work the way that they do.

Why is wool so warm? How does it stay warm while it is wet? Why do alpaca sweaters grow irreversibly? Why does acrylic take dye so much better than wool? Just what, exactly, does it mean to make a yarn superwash?

These were some of the many questions bouncing around in my head when I was approached by the Windy City Knitting Guild to present on the topic of the science behind fiber, and I was more than happy to have an excuse to explore deeper the materials properties of the fiber we knitters use on a daily basis. I quickly found that there is a plethora of fiber research out there that has answered many of my questions, but it doesn't seem like most of it has been interpreted in a way for laypeople to understand. 

That's where I come in.

Because I am, very fortunately, a student at a research-oriented university, I have access to research journals and academic databases such as the Textile Research Journal. Which, the fact that this is even a journal that exists might be one of the most exciting revelations I have had during this little project. I mean, seriously?! An academic journal that has articles about the computational study of fabric drape? I mean, just look at some of these titles (with included interpretations!)...

Interpretation: Which felts more, merino wool or alpaca?

Interpretation: Which felts more, merino wool or alpaca?

Interpretation: How does the crimp of wool affect the way it feels against skin?

Interpretation: How does the crimp of wool affect the way it feels against skin?

And the list of really cool scientific articles does not stop there. So the point of this little blog series will be to pick out specific topics in bite-sized chunks for me to read about, hopefully understand, and then convey the most interesting bits to y'all, my Fearless Readers. Stay tuned for the first official exploration of fibers coming to a blog near you. And just for funsies, here's a sneak peak of what we'll be talking about...

SciFiber: Keratinous Fibers

What the heck is that weird s-shaped thing over there? Is that really a fiber? Why do I care? TUNE IN NEXT TIME.

Thanks Dr. Desai [1]!

Thanks Dr. Desai [1]!


The Pub: On Absences, Apologies

Come with me to the local Public House for some small talk about what has been on my mind.

Greetings, loves!

Yes, I have been silent for a few weeks now, and for that, I apologize. For the rest of this post, however, there are no sorries.

Since I began knitting "seriously" (as it means to me, at least), a little over a year ago, the act and the community have brought me nothing but joy, solace, relaxation. Lately this has not been the case. Not for any specific reason, it simply just has not been my schtick.

Perhaps I tried to formalize Hops and Hanks too soon, perhaps I put too much on my plate at the wrong time, perhaps Uranus crossed over some constellation that an Astrologer would tell you affects my leisure time. Who knows? It's not the why that I am concerned about right now, it's the what.

And the what, recently, has been that I have been severely depressed since the new year. Knitting has not been able to pull me out like it usually does, socializing has not been my cuppa, even exercise, yoga, biking, has failed to bring my brain up out of the gutter. So I've had to take care of myself and, unfortunately, that has meant abandoning Hops and Hanks for a little while.

If you've never experienced the feeling of something that you love and adore suddenly inciting in you an intense anxiety, count yourself among the lucky few. I have not signed onto Ravelry in weeks because of a feeling of intense guilt about what I will find there. Which, I know intuitively will be nothing negative, but in the battle between logic and anxiety... well, I was going to make a David and Goliath analogy but I couldn't make it work. Basically, I know that the anxiety is illogical and silly, it just takes a while to be able to do something about it.

Not one of any of you have made me feel this way - all of these thoughts are internal. Perhaps it has to do with the gloomy weather of late, and to be honest, I hope that is it because the sun is slowly beginning to poke her head over the horizon earlier and earlier and maybe, just maybe it will start to get better.

Now that I've gotten all of that off my chest I will be able to participate on the Ravelry forums with much less anxiety. I doubt there will be an episode of the podcast for a few weeks, but maybe I'll record a little minisode explaining this through that medium. Perhaps there will be blog posts, I cannot predict.

For a hot second there I think I turned Hops and Hanks into something bigger than I ever meant it to be in my mind. But I now remember that this is a blog I started for myself, to give me an outlet for a passion. And I must keep in mind that passions wax and wane and that it is OK that I am in a slump. 

The Charity KAL is still going strong! At the very least I will record the drawing of the prizes when that time comes.

Thank y'all for bearing with me during the slump, I love every single one of you.



Things I Love Thursday: Triangular Shawls and Not Dying

Things I Love

Storytime this week: I didn't die. Luckily this has happened for 1,320 weeks so far in my life, but this time the chances of survival were a little bit smaller. You see, I work in a metallurgy lab at my graduate school. Specifically, I work mostly in the hydrogen canopy area of a metallurgy lab. Hydrogen is an extremely flammable gas, and I have taken about a billion precautions to make sure I don't blow myself up on a daily basis, but last night we had a bit of a freak accident. The bottom line is that there was a huge hydrogen leak, but no explosions and no injuries. This is mostly because I have had extensive training on how to deal with situations like this and we had insured the lab was as safe as possible just in case. This whole thing could have ended much worse than it did, and so this week I love planning ahead for potential dangerous incidents and being ready when they do happen.

Patterns I Love

In honor of the release of Josh Ryk's new pattern, Convergent, I thought I'd like to share a few of my favorite triangular shawl patterns of late!

Kelias feels very much simplified-Ryksian, I would love to take this one on!  Gold Rush looks so big and cozy I want one ♦ The Dovetail Shawl is also totally inspiring my love for Mosaic Knitting right now Rhiannon rings like a bell through the night and wouldn't you love to love her? Willoughby is simple and lovely I love the delicate geometry of the Blooming Shawl Nymphalidea would be amazing with some handspun, no? Slip Sliding Away The black and white version of the Bi-colored Rooster has me drooling I don't know what I love more, the design of Florin Triangle or the yarn used And, of course, a classic by Jared Flood, Rock Island

Stories I Love

Episode 33 - Charity Knitting Chatter

Intro Song - Ocean by John Butler Trio

Closing Song - Les Brers in A Minor by The Allman Brother Band

What's on Tap?

Pipeworks Brewery Pastrami on Rye

What's in the Boil? (WIPs)

Lisa is working on the Vimpel Ponchogenser

Amelia is working on the Joyful Joyful Hat

What's Bottled Up? (FOs)

Lisa's Heff Muff (based on this Vogue Knitting pattern she designed).

Check out the gargantuan post about the Charity Knit-Along, as well as the Ravelry chatter thread!


Charity Knit-Along Details

The Chicago knitting and fiber community lost one of our beloved members during the summer of 2014. To honor the memory of our dear friend Wil, we are going to be knitting hats and lap blankets for the Cancer Center at at Swedish Covenant Hospital, where Wil was treated. Details about the knit-along can be found below and in our Ravelry group, and information about the kick-off party can be found on Facebook.

Wil was a beautiful person and an incredible knitter. We will miss Wil deeply.

Join us in the Ravelry group, on Sifu's Facebook page, and on the Event Page to catch all updates!

You've heard me talking about it on the podcast for months, but it's finally time to announce all of the dirty details about the Charity Knit-Along to benefit Swedish Covenant Hospital!

What: We are knitting/crocheting adult-sized hats and lap blankets to donate to the Cancer Center at Swedish Covenant Hospital. 

How: All donated items must be machine-washable, and contain only synthetic (acrylic, nylon, etc.) or plant fibers. No animal fibers allowed. This is to make sure that there are no allergens in the items. Donations may be dropped off or mailed to Sifu Design Studio, see below.

When: The CKAL will run from March 1-April 31. Any item knit during this time and shipped to Sifu is eligible to win one of a MILLION prizes (okay, not actually a million, but those details will be coming soon). 

PRIZES??? Yeah, you heard me. There will be prizes! How do you enter for a prize, you ask? Every 100 yards of yarn in your finished object is an entry into the prize drawing. 

When you are packaging items to send to the donation collection center, include the following information:

  • Your name and Ravelry username if you are on Ravelry
  • Your preferred method of contact (email, phone)  in case you win a prize
  • Whether you would like to be eligible for spinning-related prizes (fiber, spindles, etc.) 
  • Whether or not you live in a dog/cat-friendly home (we will wash these items before donating them)
  • Approximately how many yards of yarn you used to knit each item 

If you are using mystery yarn, or are otherwise unsure of how much yarn is in your project, you can weigh your project and use the following estimation table:

100yds = 20g100yds = 25g100yds = 33g100yds = 50g100yds = 100g

Donation Collection Center

Please send all donations of items to:

Hops and Hanks CKAL
c/o Sifu Design Studio
6054 N Broadway St.
Chicago, IL 60660

If you would like to make a monetary donation which will be used to purchase yarn for more hats, please click the Paypal link below.


On Sunday, March 8, Sifu Design Studio will be hosting a Knit-athon in the shop. For a suggested donation of $5 you can join us as we attempt to watch every episode of Firefly in one go. That $5 will also get you a Jayne Cobb hat kit including three colors of worsted- or bulky-weight yarn (not necessarily in the standard orange/yellow/red colors) and a pattern. You must bring your own US7/4.5mm (or US10/6mm) needles. All proceeds from the entry fees will go towards covering the costs of the drive. 

Sifu will provide coffee, tea and popcorn, but please feel free to bring more snacks and drinks to share!

Every other Sunday during the knit-along (March 22, April 5, April 19) join us at Sifu from 2-5pm for more charity knitting shenanigans. A $5 suggested donation will give you access to yarn with which to knit charity items. 

Questions? Please leave a comment on this blog post!

Things I Love Thursday: Stitchsperation

Things I Love

Receiving a bag of magic in the mail from a good friend! ♦ Nicole's shop is back up on Etsy ♦ I thought I broke my wrist but I didn't! ♦ I'm almost done (tomorrow!) with a grant proposal that's been killing me for months ♦ Restaurant week in Chicago was delicious! ♦ $2 draft Tuesdays (they have Anti-Hero on tap!) ♦ Diving right in to knitting my first handspun project ♦ Planning for the Charity KAL is almost ready! ♦ Nic Cage themed valentines:

Roses are red, violets are blue, honey is sweet and so are AUGH NOT THE BEEEEEEES

Patterns I Love

This week, this is all about how excited I've been getting about designing. Don't worry, I still plan on knitting predominantly other people's patterns (there are so many! and they are so beautiful!) but I've been collecting some stitches and textures that catch my eye over on my Stitchsperation board on Pinterest.

Cobblestone Stitch ♦ All of these amazing cables  Russian cables! ♦ This decadent leaf lace scarf from PurlBee  Diagonal Stitch  Pseudo Herringbone  I love this allusion to 3-dimensions! ♦ Cocoon Me Cowl ♦ Suke-Suke Cowl

Stories I Love

  • Apparently it's video week. Here, take a ride at the speed of light from the Sun to Jupiter:

Things I Love Thursday: Handspun Happiness!

Things I Love

Handspun yarn, of course! Finishing my second-ever braid for sating my fiber desires  Becoming a Craftsy Affiliate! (more on this later)  Nicole released her newest Supporter Scarf and I LOVE IT  Buy yarn and help kitties in need! I may have just dropped too much money on one skein of yarn for each of my current and past kitties... ♦ I discovered horror comic books and I can't stop ♦ also though Bitch Planet is a new comic series and it's amazing  Tanis Fiber Arts just released an amazing new cardigan pattern and kit  breakfast quesadillas!

Patterns I Love 

This week it's all about finding something to knit with the handspun I finished last night. It's only the second full braid I have finished, but I got 462 yards out of that sucker and I want to make something with it! Here are some pattern ideas I'm tossing around as possibilities for a beautiful, single skein, handspun project.

Joyful Joyful by Megan Williams ♦ Starshower ♦ Moab Shawl ♦ Willoughby ♦ Pebble Beach Shawlette ♦ Nautilis Hat ♦ Fucus Asparagoides Shawl (say that five times fast...) ♦ Annie O'Day

Which would you vote for, given the yarn's color and the fact that it's note quite consistent in weight across the whole skein?

Stories I Love

Chicago-specific alert!

February Style of the Month: Rye Beer

Welcome to the first ever Style of the Month! At the beginning of each month of 2015 (and possibly beyond!) I am going to declare a certain style of beer as the style of the month. What does that mean, exactly? Well, for you, it really means as much as you want it to. What it means for me is that I am going to try to focus on drinking as many different types of a certain variety of beer during that month. I will be talking about what I'm drinking over on the What's on Tap? board in the Hops and Hanks Ravelry group, and I would love to hear from y'all as well!

Additionally, in the Style of the Month post here I will give a brief history of the style of beer as well as what I like about it and styles I have already tried.

I chose to give ryes the position of honor as my first style of the month because they are consistently some of my favorite beers. The first rye I can remember really loving is the Terrapin Templeton Rye Barrel Aged Mosaic Red Rye IPA (whew! a mouthful...). It was spicy and crisp, while still having the bitter hints of hops that I was just beginning to love. Since then I have thoroughly enjoyed Founder's Red's Rye IPA, Against the Grain's Kentucky Ryed Chiquen, and, as pictured above, Two Brother's Cane and Ebel.

The Reinheitsgebot, or the Bavarian Purity Law

The Reinheitsgebot, or the Bavarian Purity Law

The history of rye beer is an old and complex one. The original rye beer was known as Roggenbier and was brewed in Germany until the 15th century. If you've ever heard of the Bavarian purity laws (which were adopted in 1516 and decreed that beer may only consist of water, barley and hops) you might find it interesting that those came about as a direct result of several years of bad rye harvests. The rye malts that had been used in Roggenbier for centuries were also used in bread and were suddenly in short supply. In order to avoid famine all bread-making grains (wheat, spelt and rye) were prohibited from use for more... frivolous purposes.

And so, for 500 years, the world knew not the joys of the rye beer. May of 1988, however, was a glorious month indeed when the European Court of Justice declared that the Reinheitsgetbot be lifted and Bavaria be graced with the presence of rye beer once more. 

This left us American's filled with some intense FOMO (fear of missing out) though, because we had heard of the wonders of rye ale, and a small few with deep pockets had traveled to the magical land of Bavaria to even get to taste the nectar of German life, but there were no breweries in the states that produced anything comparable to German Roggenbier. So, we began to experiment. And in the true American tradition of adopting a culture and adapting it to suit ourselves, the craft brewers of good ol' USA created something completely new.

What we typically think of as a rye ale is actually a hybrid - a beer made with both barley and rye malts. By combining the two, modern craft brewers are able to tailor their rye ales over a wide spectrum from sweet and malty to spicy and full of rye character.

Rye ales are typically yellow to copper in color, with a lovely, long-lasting head. If they have hoppy notes they typically reflect the citrus nature of American-grown hops, but are typically moderate on the IBU scale.

I would recommend drinking a rye ale on your back porch on a crisp spring day while you listen for the first robins of spring and watch the buds form on nearby trees. A sharp cheddar or a tangy Orange Chicken would pair nicely with this lovely, spicy beer.

Sources/Further reading:

Read up on the Bavarian Purity Law

Here are the Beer Judge Certification Program's notes on American Rye Ales

Read More About the History of Roggenbier

Episode 32 - I. Love. Socks



Welcome to Chelsea of KnitFitch! If you're new to watching the podcast, hop over to the Ravelry group to say hello!

What's on Tap?

Two Brothers Brewing Cane and Ebel

Giveaway alert!!! Nicole of Mercantile519 is giving away one of her patterns to one of y'all! Go over to the Ravelry thread to enter.

The Charity KAL is less than a month away! Lisa of Sifu Design Studio is going to be throwing the kick-off party!

What's in the Boil? (WIPs)

Softest Snowdrift Cowl

Chicago Knits Magazine design socks

What's Fermenting? 

I'm designing socks based off of crystallography!!! 

What's Bottled Up? (FOs)

No Purl Monkeys

Wanderlust Mitts

What's in the Keg? (Enabling)

Misti Alpaca in Queen

Fyberspates Vivacious 4ply

MadTosh Tosh Merino Light in Graphite

Things I Love Thursday: Old Masters and Beautiful Scarves

Things I Love

Maybe accidentally designing a sock ♦ I'm going to my first opera on Monday!!! ♦ Still loving Fair Isle Mittens ♦ Sifu's 4 year anniversary party was amazing ♦ Look at these Labyrinth Earrings!!! ♦ Getting to see Silvani last Friday ♦ Delicious truffle burgers ♦ Julie's photo essay has me dreaming of spring ♦ Heart-to-hearts with missed friends ♦ MST3K Birthday Parties ♦ We've almost made it through the first month of 2015! ♦The fact that NASA has taken OVER 100 MILLION photos of the sun: 

Patterns I Love

I decided this week that I would like to knit a gentleman friend of mine a scarf. There aren't many men's scarves out there that I really like the aesthetic of, but the ones that I am drawn to I think are absolutely stunning!

The Cerus Scarf is stunning! People come up with amazing color variations ♦ Dipped Infinity ♦ Noro and Grey ♦ Boardroom ♦ Meadowbrook 

Have you knit any of these scarves? Which one would you pick for a gentleman in your life?

Stories I Love

Things I Love Thursday

Welcome to TILT, or Things I Love Thursday! I'm going to take some time each week to share with y'all a little about what's been going on in my life. Things I Love will be a few small things from my life that have made me smile this week, Patterns I Love will be my space to share with the world the patterns that have been catching my eye, and Stories I Love will contain miscellaneous links from around the interwebs that I think are interesting and hope that you do too!

Welcome to the new Hops and Hanks, and welcome to TILT!

Things I Love

Throat Coat Tea ♦ The Calendex hack to the Bullet Journal ♦ These Coconut Chai Cupcakes with Lime Glaze are AMAZING ♦ That I have Nicole around to keep me sane when the internet breaks ♦ Throat Coat Tea (no, really, I love it twice.) ♦ Morning cuddles with my kitties ♦ My new chunky hat that I wear every day ♦ Lovely friends who send me interesting yarn to stick in the microscope ♦ This amazing new website!

Patterns I Love

This week I've been researching stranded colorwork patterns to find something for my lovely Caper Sock yarn. Here's what's catching my eye:

Sonny ♦ Candlesmoke ♦ Night Owl Mittens ♦ Gudrun ♦ Hilltop Cowl ♦ San Telmo ♦ The Woodcarving ♦ The Gates of Moria ♦ Lotus Leaf Mittens ♦ Hot Crossbones Socks

Stories I Love

Episode 31 - Grammar... I'm a scientist



Keep posting in the New Years Resolutions-along thread.

I have been chatting with Swedish Covenant Hospital and they have given us more details about the Charity Knit-along!

What's on Tap?

Bell's Brewery Mercury: The Winged Messenger from their Planets Series


What's in the Boil? (WIPs)

No Purl Monkey Socks

Wanderlust Mitts

What's Fermenting?

Amelia talks about the science of the flame test. For an in-depth review of the different behaviors of fibers in flames, check out Stefanie's blog,

What's Bottled Up? (FOs)

Bosc Hat

Penelope Chunky Hat

What's in the Keg? (Enabling)